Shoulder Pain

The Shoulder Joint

The shoulder joint is a complex and highly mobile ball-and-socket joint that connects the upper limb to the axial skeleton. It is known for its wide range of motion, allowing for various activities such as reaching, lifting, and throwing. The primary bones involved in the shoulder joint are the humerus (upper arm bone), scapula (shoulder blade), and clavicle (collarbone).

The shoulder joint allows for a wide range of movements, including flexion, extension, abduction, adduction, internal rotation, and external rotation. Due to its mobility, the shoulder is susceptible to various conditions such as rotator cuff injuries, labral tears, shoulder impingement, and dislocations.

Common shoulder Conditions

Several common shoulder conditions can cause pain, discomfort, and limited mobility. Here are some of them:

  1. Rotator Cuff Tears:

    • Description: The rotator cuff is a group of muscles and tendons that stabilize the shoulder joint. Tears can occur due to overuse, trauma, or degeneration with age.
    • Symptoms: Pain, weakness, and limited range of motion, especially when lifting or rotating the arm.
  2. Shoulder Impingement Syndrome:

    • Description: This occurs when the rotator cuff tendons are pinched between the humerus and the acromion (a bony projection of the shoulder blade).
    • Symptoms: Pain and inflammation, especially when lifting the arm overhead.
  3. Frozen Shoulder (Adhesive Capsulitis):

    • Description: Characterized by the gradual loss of range of motion in the shoulder joint. The cause is not always clear but can be related to inflammation and the thickening of the joint capsule.
    • Symptoms: Pain, stiffness, and limited mobility, progressing to difficulty with everyday activities.
  4. Shoulder Bursitis:

    • Description: Inflammation of the bursa, fluid-filled sacs that reduce friction between tissues in the shoulder.
    • Symptoms: Pain, swelling, and tenderness, often aggravated by certain movements.
  5. Labral Tears:

    • Description: Tears in the labrum, the ring of cartilage that surrounds the glenoid cavity, providing stability to the shoulder joint.
    • Symptoms: Pain, catching or locking sensation, instability, and sometimes a feeling that the shoulder is going to “pop out.”
  6. Shoulder Dislocation:

    • Description: Dislocation occurs when the humerus is forced out of its normal position in the glenoid cavity.
    • Symptoms: Severe pain, swelling, and instability. The shoulder may look deformed, and immediate medical attention is needed.
  7. Osteoarthritis of the Shoulder:

    • Description: Degeneration of the cartilage in the shoulder joint, usually associated with aging.
    • Symptoms: Pain, stiffness, and reduced range of motion.
  8. Tendinitis:

    • Description: Inflammation of the tendons around the shoulder, often caused by overuse or repetitive motions.
    • Symptoms: Pain, swelling, and tenderness in the affected tendons.
  9. Biceps Tendinitis:

    • Description: Inflammation of the biceps tendon, often associated with overuse or injury.
    • Symptoms: Pain in the front of the shoulder, especially with overhead activities.
  10. Fractures:

    • Description: Breaks in the bones of the shoulder, such as the clavicle or humerus.
    • Symptoms: Pain, swelling, deformity, and difficulty moving the arm.

Common shoulder Conditions

  1. Rotator Cuff Tears:

    • Description: The rotator cuff is a group of muscles and tendons that stabilize the shoulder joint. Tears can occur due to overuse, trauma, or degeneration with age.
    • Symptoms: Pain, weakness, and limited range of motion, especially when lifting or rotating the arm.
  2. Shoulder Impingement Syndrome:

    • Description: This occurs when the rotator cuff tendons are pinched between the humerus and the acromion (a bony projection of the shoulder blade).
    • Symptoms: Pain and inflammation, especially when lifting the arm overhead.
  3. Frozen Shoulder (Adhesive Capsulitis):

    • Description: Characterized by the gradual loss of range of motion in the shoulder joint. The cause is not always clear but can be related to inflammation and the thickening of the joint capsule.
    • Symptoms: Pain, stiffness, and limited mobility, progressing to difficulty with everyday activities.
  4. Shoulder Bursitis:

    • Description: Inflammation of the bursa, fluid-filled sacs that reduce friction between tissues in the shoulder.
    • Symptoms: Pain, swelling, and tenderness, often aggravated by certain movements.
  5. Labral Tears:

    • Description: Tears in the labrum, the ring of cartilage that surrounds the glenoid cavity, providing stability to the shoulder joint.
    • Symptoms: Pain, catching or locking sensation, instability, and sometimes a feeling that the shoulder is going to “pop out.”
  6. Shoulder Dislocation:

    • Description: Dislocation occurs when the humerus is forced out of its normal position in the glenoid cavity.
    • Symptoms: Severe pain, swelling, and instability. The shoulder may look deformed, and immediate medical attention is needed.
  7. Osteoarthritis of the Shoulder:

    • Description: Degeneration of the cartilage in the shoulder joint, usually associated with aging.
    • Symptoms: Pain, stiffness, and reduced range of motion.
  8. Tendinitis:

    • Description: Inflammation of the tendons around the shoulder, often caused by overuse or repetitive motions.
    • Symptoms: Pain, swelling, and tenderness in the affected tendons.
  9. Biceps Tendinitis:

    • Description: Inflammation of the biceps tendon, often associated with overuse or injury.
    • Symptoms: Pain in the front of the shoulder, especially with overhead activities.
  10. Fractures:

    • Description: Breaks in the bones of the shoulder, such as the clavicle or humerus.
    • Symptoms: Pain, swelling, deformity, and difficulty moving the arm.

Common Shoulder Conditions

We diagnose and treat all knee conditions.  Below are some common knee conditions we manage at OrthoCare Innovations Center.

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Each individual and case is different.  Shoulder pain may be due to cervical spine (nerves from the neck), or there may be a combination of a neck and shoulder condition that is causing pain and/or symptoms.  At OrthoCare Innovations Center, we make sure to get an accurate diagnosis and then formulate a tailored a specific treatment option.

There are exercises, holistic options, topical and oral therapies that can frequently help hip pain.  In addition, regenerative therapies and injections are available, which includes but is not limited to: Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP), Stem Cells, and/or prolo-therapy.  Tired of living with hip pain?   Schedule a consultation at OrthoCare Innovations Center and live a pain free life.

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